What symptoms can occur from having flat feet? People with flat feet are at a higher risk of developing foot problems because they suffer from over-pronation. Over-pronation is when the feet roll excessively inward due to the stress overload placed on the ligaments and tendons of the ankle. This weakens the ankle and inside portion of the foot causing it to turn inward. Over-pronation can lead to painful symptoms including - Calluses - When the big toe loses flexibility, calluses usually occur under the sole of the foot near the second toe where stress is being placed. Living with minor pain from flat feet without treatment might seem normal but if the condition worsens it could lead to complications. Besides the expected swelling an pain in the soles of the feet, shin splints, stress fractures, Achilles tendinitis and bunions can develop. Seek the advice of a podiatrist or a foot specialist who can help with preventative measures. Call your health care provider if you experience persistent pain in your feet or your child complains of foot pain or lower leg pain. Prevention Tarsal Coalition - the bones of the foot fuse together in an unusual way, resulting in stiff and flat feet. Most commonly diagnosed during childhood. As we get older we tend to put in a bit of extra weight. The combination of weight gain and ageing means we put a lot of extra tension on our muscles and ligaments in the feet, legs and back. Most people tend to over-pronate because of weight gain. Over-pronation (fallen arches) is the main cause of Plantar Fasciitis and heel pain. Therefore by losing weight you will decrease the tension on the plantar fascia. Aging, injuries, or illness may harm the tendons and cause flat feet to develop in a person who has already formed arches. This type of flat foot may occur only on one side. Try a combination of these techniques to find what's best for you. However, if the pain you are experiencing is bad and/or persistant then speak to your doctor. Fallen arches if severe enough, may cause other physical complications such as 'plantar fasciitis', pain in the ankle, leg, hip and spine. Therefore if you are having difficulty walking or if the pain is in anyway disrupting your life, seek medical advice. To diagnose the problem, the health care provider will ask you to stand on your toes. If an arch forms,the flat foot is called flexible. You will not need any more tests or treatment. The Achilles tendon, located on the leg, attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone. Achilles tendonitis is a repetitive strain (overuse) injury involving lower leg muscles and tendons at the point where they attach to the bone, resulting in pain at the back of the ankle. Chronic overuse can lead to small tears within the tendon causing long-term weakening, making the tendon susceptible to rupture, which could result in a need for surgery. Plantar Fasciitis (pronounced "plantar fash-eee-eye-tiss") means litterally "inflammation of the plantar fascia". Plantar Fasciitis is also called "Policeman's Heel". Plantar Fasciitis is often associated with calcaneal spurs (heel spurs). If you dread getting out of bed in the morning because of the pain in your feet, or you find it difficult to bend your feet because your arches hurt, and you also cannot touch your toes because of the tightness in your Achilles tendon and calves, then it is likely that you are suffering from and looking to cure plantar fasciitis According to the Mayo Clinic, neuromas are benign growths of nerve tissue that may arise in various parts of the body. Morton's neuroma develops in the foot, usually between the third and fourth metatarsal bones, and causes a thickening of the nerve tissue that innervates the toes. When you have heel pain avoid any activity that can further aggravate the problem. This includes walking for long distances, walking up or down stairs, running, sports etc. If you want to keep fit swimming is the safest activity, until your heel pain has been treated properly. Or you can ride a bike or a stationary exercise bike. Basically, try to be as little on your feet as possible, allowing the plantar fascia to heal itself. If you are suffering from any of the above due to your flat feet, there are numerous ways to tackle your fat feet problems. You can try any of the following flat feet treatments. Flexible flat feet that are painless do not require treatment. If you have pain due to flexible flat feet, an orthotic (arch-supporting insert in the shoe) can bring relief. With the increased interest in running, many shoe stores carry shoes for normal feet and pronated feet. The shoes designed for pronated feet make long distance running easier and less tiring because they correct for the abnormality. Rigid or painful flat feet require evaluation by a health care provider. The treatment depends on the cause of the flat feet. For tarsal coalition, treatment starts with rest and possibly a cast. If this fails to improve the pain, surgery may be necessary. If you're not wearing comfortable shoes, you could be causing serious problems with your feet. If you're wearing footwear that is too small, your heels are too high or what you're wearing is unsupportive, visit a comfort shoe store to see how great the right footwear can make you feel. Here are some common problems that can be avoided by wearing comfortable shoes. Relative to reducing pressure on the plantar fascia, custom-designed orthonics, made to each patients foot specification as to the type and severity of the foot condition as prescribed by a podiatrist or physician is a critical treatment element to improving your heel pain and/or plantar fasciitis.